Similar actions were taken in Switzerland in and in Italy in Their texts are littered with references to Theodore Kaczynski the Unabomber and expressions including "fire on nanotechnological development and on those that support it".
Nanotechnology is portrayed as the cause of a future ecological catastrophe, generated by the self-replication of lethal nano-robots. Experts say that the response to these attacks should be severe.
But where does the violence come from?
The authors of the communiques are reportedly "anarcho-primitivists", a subculture that arose in the s when anarchism crossed with radical environmentalism. It calls for overthrowing of industrial civilisation and a return to a primitive lifestyle.
One of its references is writer Derrick Jensen, who called for "deep green resistance".
Radical environmentalists are often "involved in reading the luddites into the contemporary situation", he says. The reference publication of the movement in the 80s, the Earth First journal, featured a column called Ask Ned Ludd, in reference to the mythical character that gave name to the luddites.
Jones thinks that neo-luddites are in fact misreading the original luddites, but he believes that understanding the difference between the old and modern ones tells us a lot about the ideology of the latter.
Taylor says what struck him pradžia darbas catanzaro his fieldwork was a "sense that nature is sacred, deep ecological ethics in which all living things have inherent value … what struck me right from the beginning [of my fieldwork] was the extent to which religious terminology was deeply infused in radical environmental subculture".
At one time, anarchism had very little environmental concern, he argues, but over the past few decades this ideology has resorted to indigenous cultures and their relation with nature, as an alternative to what they perceive as the "totalitarian nation state".
But why are anarcho-primitivists specifically targeting nanotechnology? One of ITS's texts says "nanotechnology is the furthest advancement that may yet exist in the history of anthropocentric progress". Jones says: "Nanotechnology takes place at invisible scales, so that it adds to this sense that technology is apart from us.
This text forecasts an almost infinite potential for nanotechnology, including steering human biology artificially — a utopian idea known as trans-humanism. But it envisages also a possible "grey-goo" scenario, in which self-replicating robots take over nature and society, consuming everything as they go, turning it all into a grey mush. It's foolish to pradžia darbas catanzaro terrorism, but it is especially foolish to do it knowing so little.